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Mediterranean portolan charts: their origin in the mental maps of
medieval sailors, their function and their early development

(an extended essay)

by Tony Campbell

Copyright ©2021
 

(this is the TABLE OF CONTENTS for the essay)

 


Mounted on the web 26 January 2021

additions and corrections will be noted in the appropriate place with a dated statement between { }, which can be searched for

The essay prints out to almost 200 pages

 Click here for the ESSAY TEXT
 

Methodology

Possibilities for further research

Acknowledgements


SUMMARY CONCLUSIONS

POWERPOINT slides

ENDNOTES


ABSTRACT


INTRODUCTORY

 
 

Part 1. The environment out of which the portolan chart materialised

 

Part 2. The chart emerges

Introduction
 
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